Chess is a brain stimulating game, played between two players on opposite sides of a board, having 64 squares of alternating white and black color. Each player controls an army of 16 pieces, which comprises 1 king, 1 queen, 2 rooks, 2 bishops, 2 knights, and 8 pawns. The two sides on which the armies are positioned are denoted by letters (a-h), and the other two sides are denoted by numbers (1-8). The ultimate aim of the game is to checkmate the opponent's king. Setting up the chess board, evaluating the positions, and fixing goals are some strategies that need to be considered before playing the game. But above all these, starting with the best opening move helps mobilize the pieces to the most useful squares, where they will have maximum impact on the game.
Since the first moves of a chess game are extremely important and should be taken carefully, here are some common chess strategies that are highly effective, and will make winning the game much easier.
Ruy Lopez Opening
The Ruy Lopez move is named after a Spanish priest who introduced this move in 1561. It is considered to be one of the most popular chess moves, which can be used at all levels of the game. Its starting position is 1. e4, e5, 2. Nf3, Nc6 and 3. Bb5, in which white creates a pin of d-pawn or the Knight and attacks while trying to castle. Then it focuses pressure on the black e-pawn, and prepares for a pawn on d4. In response, black will reply with a6, and attack the white bishop, and as a result, white will have to back up or exchange pieces.
Giuoco Piano Opening
The move starts as 1. e4 e5, 2. Nf3 Nc6, 3. Bc4 Bc5, in which the white plans a silent and unexpected attack on the black bishop. Also known as a quiet game, in this, the opponent plays d3 after you start, or will play b4 by offering a pawn in exchange for the powerful center.
This is most powerful black defense move, in which e4 is played. When the white plays c5, black will defend for the center and attack d4. As a result, an asymmetrical position is formed, which may lead to many complicated positions, hence, this move should only be used by experts in the game. In this, any side can win, therefore, both the players have to be careful.
The Dutch Defense
This move is easiest to learn, and starts as 1. d5 f5. It is considered to be an aggressive counter play by black, in which it moves toward the white's kingside, with the objective of crushing the white. Even though it is a good move, it weakens the black's defenses, and does not help in developing pieces.
The Caro-Kann Defense
The move starts as 1. e4 c6, in which d5 is prepared to challenge the white e4 pawn. It is a solid move, in which black avoids to block his King's bishop, but has to play c5, i.e., black will allow white to control the center, while it tries to get a pawn at d5. The sequence goes as 1. e4 c6, 2. d4 d5, 3. Nc3 dxe4, in which black eliminates white's central pawns and develops his own pieces.
For beginners or people new to the game, these moves might seem to be intimidating. To best utilize these moves, you will need to learn to play chess proficiently. To this end, one can opt for undergoing lessons, which will teach you more than just the basics of the game. Since these common opening moves are time tested and proven to be successful, mastering them will increase your confidence in the early phases of the game. They give better protection to the King, control an area of the board (specifically the center), give greater mobility to pieces, and allow possible opportunities to capture opposing pawns and pieces.